Small Unmanned Ground Systems

https://media.defense.gov/2015/Oct/22/2001307891/600/400/0/151022-F-PO640-003.JPG
Photo Credit: Stephen Baack

Posted on March 18, 2019 | Completed on March 31, 2019 | By: Daniel Whipp

What robots weighing less than 15 lb can be used for entering difficult terrain and buildings?

 

The Defense Systems Information Analysis Center (DSIAC) was asked to provide a list of unmanned ground vehicles (UGVs) that can maneuver in difficult terrain and enter buildings.  The UGVs of interest were required to weigh less than 15 lb.  The inquirer also specified that the UGVs must be able to carry a payload of sensors and other equipment and use a variety of locomotion methods.  DSIAC staff investigated unclassified data using the Association for Unmanned Vehicle Systems International database and identified 63 applicable systems. Information on each system (including platforms names, locomotion methods, market categories, applications, primary organizations, countries, points of contact, and websites) was consolidated into data tables for further use.

 


1.0  Introduction

Defense Systems Information Analysis Center (DSIAC) staff searched the Association for Unmanned Vehicle Systems International (AUVSI) database for platforms relevant to the inquirer’s request.  The results of the search are consolidated in Table 1, which provides a list of UGV platform names, the primary organization for UGV production, the country of origin, and additional information such as the method of locomotion, market category, and application.  UGVs were included in Table 1 if they had a total weight under 15 lb and were intended for mobility on rough terrain and entering buildings or other structures.

 

Table 1:  Additional Information on UGV Platforms

Platform Name Locomotion Market Category Application Primary Organization Country
110 FirstLook [1] Tracked Civil; military Chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear (CBRN); disaster response; exploration; explosive ordnance disposal; inspection; intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR); observation, patrol, security; search and rescue (SAR); target acquisition. Endeavor Robotics United States
ACM-R4H [2] Wheeled Civil; commercial; military Exploration; inspection; ISR; patrol, security; pipeline services. HiBot Corp. Japan
ALTINAY UGV [3] Tracked Civil; commercial; military Explosive ordnance disposal; firefighting; inspection; ISR; logistics; patrol, security. ALTINAY Aerospace & Advanced Technologies Turkey
ANATROLLER ARI-10 [4] Wheeled Commercial Cleaning; inspection; maintenance. Robotics Design, Inc. Canada
ANATROLLER ARI-50 [5] Tracked Commercial Cleaning; inspection; maintenance; pipeline services. Robotics Design, Inc. Canada
ARTHRON POD 050 A [6] Tracked Civil; commercial Imaging; inspection; pipeline services. M-Tecks ROBOTICS France
ARTHRON POD 125 A [6] Wheeled Civil; military Exploration; explosive ordnance disposal; imaging; inspection; ISR; patrol, security; SAR; target acquisition. M-Tecks ROBOTICS France
Aspire-CAM [7] Wheeled Consumer; commercial Hobby; imaging. Thunder Tiger Corporation Taiwan
BILL-ANT [8] Legged Academic Education; prototype; research. Case Western Reserve University United States
Delta Extreme [9] Tracked Civil; commercial; military CBRN; disaster response; exploration; inspection; ISR; patrol, security; pipeline services; SAR; target acquisition. Crystal Cam Imaging, Inc. Canada
Delta Micro [9] Tracked Civil; commercial; military CBRN; disaster response; exploration; inspection; ISR; patrol, security; pipeline services; SAR; target acquisition. Crystal Cam Imaging, Inc. Canada
DraganScout [10] Wheeled Civil; military Disaster response; exploration; ISR; observation; patrol, security; SAR; target acquisition. Draganfly Innovations, Inc. Canada
Dragon Runner 10 [11] Tracked Civil; military Disaster response; exploration; explosive ordnance disposal; inspection; ISR; patrol, security; SAR; target acquisition. QinetiQ North America United States
Enter, Survey, and Perceive (ESP) Toss Bot [12] Wheeled Civil; military Exploration; inspection; ISR; patrol, security; SAR; target acquisition. SuperDroid Robots, Inc. United States
EyeDrive [13] Wheeled Civil; military Exploration; explosive ordnance disposal; inspection; ISR; patrol, security; SAR. Mistral Security, Inc. United States
Ghost Minitaur [14] Legged Civil; commercial; military; academic Disaster response; education; exploration; inspection; ISR; patrol, security; research; SAR; training. Ghost Robotics United States
Highly Adaptive Robotic Vehicle (HARV) [15] Rolling Civil; commercial; military Exploration; inspection; ISR; patrol, security; prototype. GuardBot, Inc. United States
Inbot [16] Wheeled Civil; military Disaster response; exploration; inspection; ISR; patrol, security; pipeline services; SAR; target acquisition. ECA France
Inspector Robot III [17] Wheeled Commercial Cleaning; inspection; maintenance. Indoor Environmental Solutions, Inc. United States
Iris [18] Tracked Civil; commercial Inspection; prototype; research. Future Robotics Technology Center Japan
Individual Robotic Intelligence System (IRIS) [19] Wheeled Civil; military Disaster response; exploration; inspection; ISR; patrol, security; SAR; target acquisition. Roboteam, INC. United States
Koala [20] Wheeled Commercial; academic Research AAI Canada, Inc. Canada
Mini-CALIBER [21] Wheeled Civil; military Exploration; explosive ordnance disposal; inspection; ISR; patrol, security; target acquisition. ICOR Technology Canada
MINIBOT [22] Wheeled Civil; commercial Cable services; CBRN; disaster response; imaging; inspection; ISR; patrol, security. Inspectorbots United States
MINI-UGV [23] Tracked Civil; military Disaster response; exploration; inspection; ISR; patrol, security; SAR; target acquisition. King Abdullah II Design and Development Bureau Jordan
MLT-F Jack Russell [24] Tracked Civil; military Disaster response; exploration; inspection; ISR; patrol, security; SAR; target acquisition. SuperDroid Robots, Inc. United States
MLT-PT Jack Russell [24] Tracked Civil; military Disaster response; exploration; inspection; ISR; patrol, security; SAR; target acquisition. SuperDroid Robots, Inc. United States
MQ10 [25] Tracked Civil; commercial; military; academic Disaster response; exploration; ISR; pipeline services; research; SAR. Mechatroniq Systems, Inc. Canada
MQ50 [25] Wheeled Civil; commercial; military Environmental research or monitoring; inspection; ISR; patrol, security. Mechatroniq Systems, Inc. Canada
MQ75 [25] Wheeled Civil; commercial; military; academic disaster response; environmental research or monitoring; exploration; inspection; ISR; patrol, security; research; SAR; target acquisition. Mechatroniq Systems, Inc. Canada
NanoMag [26] Tracked Civil; commercial Inspection; pipeline services. Inuktun Canada
NERVA-LG [27] Wheeled Civil; military CBRN; exploration; explosive ordnance disposal; inspection; ISR; patrol, security; SAR; target acquisition. Nexter Robotics France
NERVA-S [27] Wheeled Civil; military Exploration; inspection; ISR; patrol, security; SAR; target acquisition. Nexter Robotics France
OCT-1C [28] Legged Academic Education; prototype; research. AAI Canada, Inc. Canada
R1 [29] Wheeled Commercial; academic Education; research. Aion Robotics United States
R6 [29] Wheeled Civil; commercial; academic Disaster response; education; imaging; inspection; patrol, security; precision agriculture; research; SAR; survey, mapping. Aion Robotics United States
Recon Scout Infrared (IR) [30] Wheeled Civil; military Disaster response; exploration; inspection; ISR; patrol, security; SAR; target acquisition. ReconRobotics, Inc. United States
Recon Scout Rescue [31] Wheeled Civil; military Disaster response; exploration; inspection; ISR; patrol, security; SAR; target acquisition. ReconRobotics, Inc. United States
Recon Scout Throwbot LE [32] Wheeled Civil Disaster response; exploration; inspection; ISR; patrol, security; SAR; target acquisition ReconRobotics, Inc. United States
Recon Scout Throwbot XT [33] Wheeled Civil; military Communications; disaster response; exploration; inspection; ISR; patrol, security; SAR; target acquisition. ReconRobotics, Inc. United States
Recon Scout Under Vehicle Inspection (UVI) Robot [34] Wheeled Civil; military Inspection ReconRobotics, Inc. United States
RiSE [35] Legged Academic Prototype; research. Boston Dynamics, Inc. United States
ROMP [36] Wheeled Civil; commercial; military; academic Attack, weapons delivery; CBRN; disaster response; environmental research or monitoring; exploration; inspection; ISR; patrol, security; research; SAR; target acquisition. Inspectorbots United States
Rover 5 Robot Platform [37] Tracked Consumer; commercial; academic Education; hobby; research. Australian Robotics Pty Ltd. Australia
RP5 Tank-Tread Robot Platform [37] Tracked Consumer; commercial; academic Education; hobby; research. Australian Robotics Pty Ltd. Australia
SandFlea [35] Wheeled Civil; military Disaster response; exploration; inspection; ISR; patrol, security; prototype; research; SAR; target acquisition. Boston Dynamics, Inc. United States
SCORP [38] Tracked Civil; military Disaster response; exploration; ISR; pipeline services; research; SAR. Novatiq Switzerland
SCORPIO [39] Wheeled Civil; commercial; military; academic Disaster response; exploration; inspection; ISR; patrol, security; research; SAR; target acquisition. TECDRON France
Scorpio  [40] Tracked Civil; military Exploration; explosive ordnance disposal; ISR; target acquisition. Kerametal, s.r.o Slovakia
SECT II [41] Wheeled Commercial; academic Education; exploration; research. AAI Canada, Inc. Canada
Shrimp III [42] Wheeled Civil; commercial Disaster response; exploration; firefighting; prototype; research; SAR. BlueBotics Switzerland
SIRE [43] Wheeled Civil; military Exploration; explosive ordnance disposal; inspection; ISR; logistics; patrol, security; SAR; target acquisition. Tactical Electronics – Aviation United States
Spider Mite [44] Wheeled Civil; commercial Cable services; CBRN; disaster response; exploration; inspection; ISR; patrol, security. Inspectorbots United States
Sprawl Tuned Autonomous Robot (STAR) [45] Wheeled Academic Prototype; research. University of California, Berkley – Electrical Engineering and Computer Science  (EECS) Biomimetic Millisystems Lab United States
Stingray Novel Unmanned Ground Vehicle (NUGV) [46] Tracked Civil; military Exploration; inspection; ISR; patrol, security; SAR; target acquisition. Macro USA United States
Tactical Throwable Robot (TRM) [47] Wheeled Civil; military Exploration; explosive ordnance disposal; inspection; ISR; patrol, security; SAR; target acquisition Przemyslowy Instytut Automatyki I Pomiarów Poland
TAS [25] Wheeled Civil; academic Disaster response; exploration; inspection; ISR; patrol, security; research. Mechatroniq Systems, Inc. Canada
Testudo [48] Wheeled Commercial; academic Exploration; explosive ordnance disposal; inspection; ISR; patrol, security; research; target acquisition. Mindsheet Ltd. United Kingdom
TOUGHBOT [49] Wheeled Civil; military Exploration; inspection; ISR; patrol, security; SAR; target acquisition. Omnitech Robotics, Inc. United States
Trackbot [50] Tracked Civil; commercial; military; academic Cable services; chemical, CBRN; disaster response; education; exploration; inspection; ISR; patrol, security; research. Inspectorbots United States
TRP3 – NEC [51] Wheeled Civil; military Disaster response; exploration; inspection; ISR; patrol, security; target acquisition. Oto Melara SPA Italy
UM4 [52] Wheeled Civil; commercial; military Exploration; inspection; ISR; patrol, security; target acquisition. SuperDroid Robots, Inc. United States
WallRover A [53] Tracked Civil; commercial Inspection; survey, mapping. WALLROVER Ltd. United Kingdom

 


References

[1] Endeavor Robotics.  “FirstLook®.”  http://endeavorrobotics.com/products#110-firstlook, accessed 13 March 2019.

[2] HiBot.  http://www.hibot.co.jp/, accessed 13 March 2019.

[3] ALTINAY.  “Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UGV).”  http://www.altinay-advanced.com/ solutions/unmanned-systems/unmanned-ground-vehicle/, accessed 13 March 2019.

[4] Robotics Design.  “ANATROLLER™ ARI-10.”  http://www.roboticsdesign.qc.ca/mobile-robots/hvac-cleaning-and-inspection/ari10/, accessed 13 March 2019.

[5] Robotics Design.  “ANATROLLER™ ARI-50.”  http://www.roboticsdesign.qc.ca/mobile-robots/hvac-cleaning-and-inspection/ari50/, accessed 13 March 2019.

[6] M-Tecks ROBOTICS.  http://www.m-tecksrobotics.com/, accessed 13 March 2019.

[7] Thunder Tiger.  http://thundertiger.com/, accessed 13 March 2019.

[8] Case Western Reserve University.  “BILL-ANT.”  Biologically Inspired Robotics, https://engineering.case.edu/groups/biorobots/bill-ant, accessed 13 March 2019.

[9] Crystal Cam Imaging Inc.  “Products.”  http://crystal-cam.com/remote-visual-inspection-products/robotic-crawlers/, accessed 13 March 2019.

[10] Draganfly Innovations Inc.  http://www.draganfly.com/, accessed 13 March 2019.

[11] QinetiQ North America.  “Dragon Runner®.”  https://qinetiq-na.com/products/unmanned-systems/dragon-runner/, accessed 13 March 2019.

[12] SuperDroid Robots, Inc.  “ESP ‘Toss Bot’ Surveillance & Inspection Robot.”  (Enter, Survey, and Perceive) ESP Data Sheet, http://www.superdroidrobots.com/product_info/SDR_ESP.pdf, 6 February 2009.

[13] Mistral Security, Inc.  “EyeDrive™.”  http://www.mistralsecurityinc.com/Our-Products/ Tactical-Equipment/EyeDrive, accessed 13 March 2019.

[14] Ghost Robotics Corp.  “Ghost Q-UGVs are Superior to Wheels and Tracks on Unstructured Terrain.”  https://www.ghostrobotics.io/, accessed 13 March 2019.

[15] Guardbot, Inc.  http://guardbot.org/, accessed 13 March 2019.

[16] ECA.  “Inbot.”  http://www.eca-robotics.com/ftp/ecatalogue/24/INBOT_GB.pdf, accessed 13 March 2019.

[17] Indoor Environmental Solutions, Inc.  “Robotic Equipment.”  http://www.cleanducts.com/ re.asp, accessed 13 March 2019.

[18] Future Robotics Technology Center.  “Iris.”  http://www.furo.org/en/works/iris.html, accessed 13 March 2019.

[19] Roboteam.  “IRIS® – Your Eyes and Ears on the Ground – and Under It.”  http://www.robo-team.com/products/iris/, accessed 13 March 2019.

[20] AAI Canada, Inc.  “Koala:  High Precision Mobile Platform.”  http://www.aai.ca/robots/ koala.html, accessed 13 March 2019.

[21] ICOR Technology.  “Advancing Security with Extreme Precision.” https://icortechnology.com/, accessed 13 March 2019.

[22] Rogers, C.  “The MINIBOT.”  Inspectorbots, http://www.inspectorbots.com/MINIBOT.html, accessed 13 March 2019.

[23] King Abdullah II Design and Development Bureau.  http://kaddb.mil.jo/KADDBs-PORTFOLIO/SMART-SYSTEMS, accessed 13 March 2019.

[24] SuperDroid Robots, Inc.  “MLT “Jack Russell” – Compact Surveillance Robot.”  https://www.sdrtactical.com/Robots/SDRT_Jack_Russell.php, accessed 13 March 2019.

[25] Mechatroniq Systems, Inc.  http://www.mechatroniq.com/default.aspx, accessed 13 March 2019.

[26] Inuktun Services Ltd.  “NanoMag™.”  http://inuktun.com/en/products/onsite-standard-products/nanomag-miniature-magnetic- crawler/, accessed 13 March 2019.

[27] Nexter Robotics.  “Présentation.”  http://www.nexter-group.fr/en/robotics-presentation, accessed 13 March 2019.

[28] AAI Canada, Inc.  “OCT-1C:  A Dependable Biorobot/animat Platform for a Wide Range of Scientific Researches and Experiments.”  http://www.aai.ca/robots/oct_1c.html, accessed 13 March 2019.

[29] Aion Robotics.  “R1 UGV.”  http://www.aionrobotics.com/r1, accessed 13 March 2019.

[30] ReconRobotics, Inc.  “Recon Scout® IR.”  http://www.reconrobotics.com/products/ scout_IR.cfm, accessed 13 March 2019.

[31] ReconRobotics, Inc.  “Recon Scout® Rescue.”  http://www.reconrobotics.com/products/ recon_scout_rescue.cfm, accessed 13 March 2019.

[32] ReconRobotics, Inc.  “Recon Scout® Throwbot LE.”  http://www.reconrobotics.com/ products/recon-scout_throwbot_LE.cfm, accessed 13 March 2019.

[33] ReconRobotics, Inc.  “Recon Scout® Throwbot XT.”  http://www.reconrobotics.com/ products/Throwbot_XT_audio.cfm, accessed 13 March 2019.

[34] ReconRobotics, Inc.  “Recon Scout® UVI Robot.”  http://www.reconrobotics.com/products/ under_vehicle_inspection.cfm, accessed 13 March 2019.

[35] Boston Dynamics.  “Robots.”  https://www.bostondynamics.com/robots, accessed 13 March 2019.

[36] Inspectorbots.  “ROMP.”  http://www.inspectorbots.com/ROMP.html, accessed 13 March 2019.

[37] Australian Robotics Pty Ltd.  http://australianrobotics.com.au/, accessed 13 March 2019.

[38] Novatiq.  https://novatiq.com/, accessed 13 March 2019.

[39] TECDRON.  “SCORPIO.”  http://www.tecdron.fr/en/robots-models/scorpio-2/, accessed 13March 2019.

[40] Kerametal, s.r.o.  http://www.kerametal.sk/en/company/, accessed 13 March 2019.

[41] AAI Canada, Inc.  “SECT II:  Mobile Platform for Rough Terrain.”  http://www.aai.ca/ robots/sect2.html, accessed March 2019.

[42] BlueBotics.  “Custom Solutions.”  http://www.bluebotics.com/custom-solutions/, accessed 13 March 2019.

[43] Tactical Electronics.  “SIRE.”  http://www.tacticalelectronics.com/product/sire-multi-functional-ied-robot/, accessed 13 March 2019.

[44] Rogers, C.  “The Spider Mite.”  Inspectorbots, http://www.inspectorbots.com/Spider_ Mite_.html, accessed 13 March 2019.

[45] Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS) Biomimetic Millisystems Lab, University of California, Berkley.  http://robotics.eecs.berkeley.edu/~ronf/Biomimetics.html, accessed 13 March 2019.

[46] Macro USA.  http://www.macrousa.com/, accessed 13 March 2019.

[47] Przemyslowy Instytut Automatyki I Pomiarów.  “TRM®.”  https://www.antiterrorism.eu/ portfolio-posts/piap-trm/, accessed 13 March 2019.

[48] Mindsheet Ltd.  http://www.mindsheet.com, accessed 13 March 2019.

[49] Omnitech Robotics, Inc.  “TOUGHBOT.”  http://omnitech.com/TOUGHBOT.html, accessed 13 March 2019.

[50] Rogers, C.  “The Trackbot.”  Inspectorbots, https://www.inspectorbots.com/Trackbot.html, accessed 13 March 2019.

[51] Oto Melara SPA.  “TRP3-NEC.”  http://www.army-guide.com/eng/product5744.html, accessed 13 March 2019.

[52] SuperDroid Robotics.  “DEMO Prebuilt UM4 Compact Tactical Robot – SOLD.” https://www.superdroidrobots.com/shop/item.aspx/demo-prebuilt-um4-compact-tactical-robot-sold/1377/, accessed 13 March 2019.

[53] WALLROVER Ltd.  http://www.wallrove0r.com/, accessed 13 March 2019.

Want to find out more about this topic?

Request a FREE Technical Inquiry!